Explore Borobudur Temple: Discover The World’s Largest Buddhist Temple

Borobudur Temple, nestled in the heart of Central Java, stands as a testament to ancient craftsmanship and spirituality. As one of the most iconic Buddhist temples in the region, it draws travellers from far and wide to explore its awe-inspiring architecture and profound cultural significance. Located near Yogyakarta, Borobudur Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, revered for its intricate stone carvings, towering stupas, and panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Built in the 9th century, it holds a special place in the hearts of locals and visitors.

Embark on a journey of discovery as you explore Borobudur Temple’s intricate corridors and hidden chambers, each revealing a story from Buddhist teachings. It’s a spiritual pilgrimage unlike any other, offering moments of reflection and tranquillity amidst the hustle and bustle of modern life. The lush greenery and sweeping vistas surrounding Borobudur Temple provide the perfect escape for those seeking adventure, history, or a serene retreat. Join us as we uncover the magic of this iconic Central Java tourist attraction and delve into the rich cultural heritage it embodies.

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Borobudur Temple

Address l. Badrawati, Kw. Candi Borobudur, Borobudur, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java
Phone (0293) 788266 or +628112688
Managed by PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, dan Ratu Boko
Opening Hour Opened Daily: 07.00–17.00
  • Intricate Stone Carvings
  • Towering Stupas
  • Buddha Statues
  • Sunrise and Sunset Views
  • Surrounding Scenery
  • Cultural Performances


General Information

Borobudur Temple, situated in Central Java, stands as an epitome of ancient grandeur and spiritual magnificence. As one of Indonesia’s most iconic landmarks, Borobudur Temple attracts travellers from around the globe. This masterpiece of Buddhist architecture offers a captivating journey through time, culture, and spirituality.

This temple is located near Yogyakarta and is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty, this UNESCO World Heritage Site spans an area of approximately 2.5 square kilometres. The temple’s design reflects a mandala, symbolizing the Buddhist cosmology of the universe. Borobudur is adorned with over 2,600 relief panels and 500 Buddha statues and mesmerizes visitors with its artistic splendour and spiritual ambience.


The history of Borobudur Temple is as captivating as its majestic architecture. Dating back to the 9th century, this ancient Buddhist temple stands as a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Java, Indonesia. Mahayana Buddhists built the Borobudur Temple during the heyday of the Syailendra Dynasty. Borobudur was constructed first on the initiative of King Samaratungga around 824 AD. Even so, Borobudur Temple was completed near 900 AD during the reign of Queen Pramudawardhani, daughter of King Samaratungga. Gunadharma was the architect who was instrumental in designing the temple.

Built on a hilltop overlooking the fertile Kedu Plain, Borobudur Temple was designed as a massive stone pyramid adorned with intricate carvings and over 500 Buddha statues. Its architectural style combines elements of Indian and Javanese art and symbolism, reflecting the syncretic nature of Buddhism in Southeast Asia.

For centuries, Borobudur Temple served as a place of pilgrimage and religious devotion for Buddhists from across the region. However, by the 14th century, the temple was gradually abandoned and fell into disrepair as the influence of Hinduism and Islam spread throughout Java.

It wasn’t until the 19th century that British colonial rulers rediscovered Borobudur Temple, which the Dutch East Indies government later restored in the early 20th century. Extensive restoration efforts were undertaken in the 20th century. It is to preserve the temple’s legacy and ensure its survival for future generations.

In 1991, Borobudur Temple was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognizing its outstanding universal value and cultural significance. Today, it stands as one of the most iconic landmarks in Indonesia, attracting millions of visitors each year who come to marvel at its beauty, explore its rich history, and experience a sense of spiritual awe amidst its ancient stones.

Discovering Borobudur: Exploring Three Spiritual Zones

Kamadhatu (World of Desire)

The first zone of Borobudur Temple, Kamadhatu, represents the world of desire and is located at the temple’s base. Here, visitors will encounter intricately carved reliefs depicting scenes of everyday life. It includes worldly desires, temptations, and mundane activities. These reliefs remind us of the human condition and our struggles in our quest for fulfilment. As visitors ascend through Kamadhatu, they are encouraged to reflect on the transient nature of worldly pleasures and the importance of overcoming desires on the path to enlightenment.

Rupadhatu (World of Forms)

The second zone of Borobudur Temple, Rupadhatu, symbolizes the world of forms and is located in the middle section of the temple. Here, visitors will find a series of circular platforms adorned with perforated stupas, each containing a Buddha statue. These stupas represent the stages of spiritual enlightenment, with the largest and most elaborate stupas located at the centre of each platform. As visitors journey through Rupadhatu, they are invited to contemplate the significance of form and its role in manifesting spiritual truths.

Arupadhatu (World of Formlessness)

The third and final zone of Borobudur Temple, Arupadhatu, represents the world of formlessness and is located at the temple’s apex. Here, visitors will encounter an open-air circular platform with perforated stupas surrounding it. It symbolizes the boundless nature of enlightenment. Unlike the previous zones, which focused on the tangible aspects of existence, Arupadhatu invites visitors to transcend physical form and enter a realm of pure consciousness. As visitors gaze out over the surrounding landscape from this elevated vantage point, they are encouraged to contemplate the ultimate goal of Buddhist practice: the attainment of nirvana and liberation from the cycle of birth and death.


  1. Intricate Stone Carvings: Marvel at the intricate stone carvings adorning the walls of Borobudur Temple, depicting scenes from Buddhist teachings and Javanese mythology. Each carving tells a story, inviting visitors to delve into the ancient narratives.
  2. Towering Stupas: Stand in awe of the towering stupas that crown Borobudur Temple’s upper terraces. These bell-shaped structures symbolize enlightenment and offer breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes.
  3. Buddha Statues: Encounter numerous statues within Borobudur Temple’s chambers and alcoves. These statues exude a sense of peace and spiritual tranquillity, from serene meditative poses to majestic seated figures.
  4. Sunrise and Sunset Views: Experience the magic of sunrise or sunset from the vantage point of Borobudur Temple. Watch as the first light of dawn illuminates the temple’s ancient stones, or witness the sky ablaze with colours as the sun sets behind the horizon.
  5. Surrounding Scenery: Take in the picturesque surroundings of Borobudur Temple, nestled amidst lush greenery and rolling hills. Explore the tranquil parkland surrounding the temple complex, offering leisurely walks and scenic photography opportunities.
  6. Cultural Performances: Immerse yourself in Javanese culture with traditional dance performances and music recitals at Borobudur Temple. Experience the vibrant rhythms and colourful costumes of Indonesia’s rich artistic heritage.
  7. Museum Exhibits: Delve into the history and significance of Borobudur Temple with exhibits housed in the on-site museum. Learn about the temple’s construction and restoration efforts and its importance as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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New Borobudur Temple Rules: Essential Guidelines for Visitors

  1. Mandatory Health Screening: All visitors must undergo mandatory health screening before entering the Borobudur Temple premises. This includes temperature checks and adherence to any health protocols in place at the time. Additionally, the maximum quota of visitors daily is 1200 people.
  2. Online Ticket Reservation: Visitors must make online reservations for entry tickets in advance. This helps manage crowd control and ensures a smooth and efficient visitor experience.
  3. Limited Visitor Capacity: To maintain social distancing measures, Borobudur Temple will enforce a limited visitor capacity at any time. The maximum number of visitors per hour is only 150 people.
  4. Face Mask Mandate: Wearing face masks is mandatory for all visitors throughout their visit to Borobudur Temple. This is to protect visitors and staff members and minimize the risk of the transmission of infectious diseases.
  5. Physical Distancing Guidelines: Visitors must maintain a safe distance of at least one meter from others while exploring Borobudur Temple premises. Signage and markings will be in place to remind visitors of these guidelines.
  6. Enhanced Sanitization Protocols: Increased sanitization measures will be implemented throughout Borobudur Temple, including regularly cleaning high-touch surfaces and facilities.
  7. Guided Tours Only: To ensure compliance with safety measures and to provide informative experiences, guided tours will be the only option for visitors exploring Borobudur Temple. Self-guided tours will not be permitted.
  8. Respectful Behavior: Visitors are reminded to respect Borobudur Temple’s cultural and religious significance. Loud noises, littering, and disrespectful behaviour are strictly prohibited.
  9. Prohibition on Bringing Meals and Drinks: Visitors cannot bring meals and drinks to climb to the temple.
  10. Compliance with Regulations: All visitors must comply with the rules and regulations. Failure to do so may result in denied entry or removal from the premises.

MAP of Borobudur Temple