Besakih Temple, also known as Pura Besakih, is located in the village of Besakih in Karangasem, East Bali. Perched 1,000 meters above sea level on the southwestern slopes of Mount Agung, Bali’s highest volcano, this sprawling temple complex encompasses over 80 separate shrines and is considered the holiest site in Balinese Hinduism. As the largest and most significant temple on the island, Besakih attracts pilgrims, devotees, and tourists alike, drawn by its spiritual aura and architectural grandeur.
Legend has it that Besakih Temple dates back over a thousand years, with its origins shrouded in myth and legend. According to Balinese mythology, the Hindu sage Markandeya built the temple at the behest of the gods, who sought to create a sacred site where they could be worshipped and honoured. Over the centuries, Besakih has undergone numerous renovations and expansions, each adding to its architectural splendour and spiritual significance.
The name Besakih has its roots in the ancient Sanskrit word “Basuki,” which later evolved into the Ancient Javanese Language. In Sanskrit, “Basuki” signifies congratulations. Mythology, particularly the Samudramanthana legend, describes Basuki as a dragon twining around Mount Mandara. The omission in the Besakih name traces back to megalithic traditions, signifying its ancient and sanctified status predating the influence of Hinduism. It suggests Besakih’s origins are deeply rooted in a bygone era, extending well before the introduction of Hinduism to the region.
In a historical turn, King Sri Kesari Warmadewa, an Ancient Bali ruler, discovered the Merajan Selonding Temple within the Besakih Temple complex. His reign also saw the construction of the Blanjong Monument in Sanur Village, showcasing Besakih’s cultural and historical significance. The Besakih Temple complex, designed under the influence of cosmic balance, reflects a profound understanding of natural conceptions. The fundamental arrangement of the temple complex aligns with directional principles rooted in ancient beliefs and practices, showcasing a deep connection to the cosmic order.
- Grand Architecture: Marvel at the temple’s towering pagodas, intricately carved stone gateways, and ornate shrines, showcasing Bali’s rich architectural heritage.
- Spiritual Significance: Experience palpable reverence and devotion as you witness Hindu ceremonies and rituals amidst the temple’s sacred precincts.
- Breathtaking Views: Admire the panoramic vistas of Mount Agung and the surrounding landscapes, providing a stunning backdrop for your spiritual journey.
- Sacred Complex: Explore the various temples, pavilions, and courtyards of the sprawling Besakih complex, each dedicated to Hindu gods and goddesses.
- International Standard Tourist Facilities: Enjoy modern amenities and services catering to visitors’ needs, ensuring a comfortable and memorable experience at Besakih Temple.
- Information Counter: Get valuable insights and assistance from the information counter, where knowledgeable staff can provide details about the temple’s history, rituals, and cultural significance.
- Shuttle Buses: Navigate the expansive temple complex easily using the shuttle buses available for visitors, providing convenient transportation between different site areas.
- Local Tour Guide: Enhance your understanding of Besakih Temple’s significance and cultural nuances with the expertise of a local tour guide, who can offer insights and anecdotes about the site’s heritage.
- Complex of Clan Temples: Discover the intricate network of clan temples within the Besakih complex, each representing a different lineage and contributing to Bali’s rich tapestry of spiritual heritage.
- Mount Agung: Gaze upon the majestic Mount Agung, Bali’s highest volcano, whose towering presence looms over the temple complex, adding to its awe-inspiring ambience.
- Cool Temperatures: Escape the heat of the lowlands and enjoy cooler temperatures at Besakih Temple, thanks to its elevated location on the slopes of Mount Agung, providing a refreshing respite for visitors.
Enhance your visit to Besakih Temple with the Besakih Temple Tour, Bali Ancient Village Tour, or other Bali Tour Packages. Contact our team to customize your itinerary and unlock exclusive deals and discounts for an unforgettable East Bali adventure.
Other Tourist Attractions in East Bali
Discover the enchanting wonders of East Bali, including the ancient traditions of Tenganan Village, the pristine shores of Candidasa Beach, the scenic vistas of Bukit Jambul, the regal splendour of Karangasem Royal Palace, the family-friendly fun at Taman Sukasada and Tirta Gangga Waterpark, the secluded beauty of Virgin Beach, Amed Beach, Tulamben Beach, and the breathtaking landscapes of Blue Lagoon and Putung Hill. Each destination offers unique charm and cultural significance, promising unforgettable experiences for every traveller.