Ijen Crater: Discover the Enchantment of the Blue Flame in East Java’s Natural Wonder!

Ijen Crater is one of the most mesmerizing East Java tourist attractions. Nestled in East Java, Indonesia, Ijen Crater is a natural wonder that captivates visitors with its stunning landscapes and unique features. As you journey to this remarkable destination, you’ll be immersed in an experience unlike any other. Firstly, Ijen Crater is renowned for its surreal turquoise acidic lake, which sits atop a dormant volcano. The lake’s vibrant colours create a picturesque scene that is genuinely awe-inspiring. Visitors can take in the breathtaking views of the crater’s rim and marvel at the natural beauty that surrounds them.

Moreover, Ijen Crater is famous for its mesmerizing phenomenon, the Ijen Blue Flame. This rare occurrence happens when sulfuric gases ignite at night, creating an otherworldly blue flame that dances across the crater’s surface. Witnessing this natural spectacle is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that leaves a lasting impression on all who see it.

In addition to its natural wonders, Ijen Crater offers opportunities for hiking and exploration. Adventurous travellers can trek to the crater rim and enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Along the way, you may encounter local miners extracting sulfur from the volcano, offering insight into the region’s rich culture and history. Whether you are a nature enthusiast, a photographer, or simply seeking an unforgettable adventure, it is ideal. Ijen Crater promises an experience that will leave you in awe. So come and discover the magic of this extraordinary destination in the heart of East Java!

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Ijen Crater

Address Patluding Base Camp, Banyuwangi Regency, East Java.
Managed by Alas Purwo National Park Management
Elevation 2,769 m
Opening Hour Opened Daily: 02.00 a.m.–12.00 pm
  • Turquoise Acidic Lake
  • Ijen Blue Flame
  • Crater Exploration
  • Sulfur Miners
  • Hiking Adventure
  • Sunrise and Sunset Views
  • Photography Opportunity
  • Camping Ground
  • Taxi Cart


General Information

Location and Access: Situated within the Ijen Caldera complex, Ijen Crater is accessible from Banyuwangi, a city on the eastern tip of Java. The journey to the crater involves a moderate hike from the Paltuding base camp.

Geological Significance: Ijen Crater is a volcanic crater filled with a turquoise-coloured acidic lake, considered one of the largest in the world. The surrounding landscape is characterized by rugged terrain and lush greenery, creating a striking contrast against the azure lake.

Wildlife and Flora: Despite its harsh environment, Ijen Crater is home to unique flora and fauna adapted to volcanic conditions. Visitors may encounter various bird species and plants endemic to the region.

Cultural Importance: The local community near Ijen holds traditions connected to the crater, including sulfur mining by the local miners known as “Ijen sulfur bearers,” a challenging occupation within the volcanic setting.


  1. Turquoise Acidic Lake: Marvel at the surreal beauty of Ijen Crater’s turquoise acidic lake, nestled atop a dormant volcano. The lake’s vibrant colours create a picturesque scene that is truly awe-inspiring.
  2. Ijen Blue Flame: Witness the mesmerizing phenomenon of the Ijen Blue Flame, a rare occurrence at night when sulfuric gases ignite. The otherworldly blue flame dances across the crater’s surface, creating a surreal and unforgettable sight that leaves a lasting impression on all who see it.
  3. Crater Exploration: Descend into the crater of Ijen and explore its unique landscapes up close. Feel the rugged terrain beneath your feet as you trek along the crater rim, taking in panoramic views of the surrounding area.
  4. Sulfur Miners: Encounter local miners extracting sulfur from the volcano, offering insight into the region’s rich culture and history. Watch as they carry heavy loads of sulfur up the steep crater walls, showcasing their resilience and determination in challenging conditions.
  5. Hiking Adventure: Embark on a thrilling hiking adventure to the summit of Ijen Crater, where panoramic views of the surrounding Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park await.
  6. Sunrise and Sunset Views: Experience the magical moments of sunrise and sunset at Ijen Crater, when the sky is painted in vibrant hues of orange and pink.
  7. Photography Opportunity: Capture the stunning landscapes and unique features of Ijen Crater through photography.
  8. Camping Ground: Enjoy a memorable camping experience amidst the natural beauty of the Ijen Crater. Set up camp near the crater rim and spend the night under the stars, enjoying the volcanic landscape’s peaceful ambience.
  9. Taxi Cart: Explore the area surrounding Ijen Crater with ease by hopping on a taxi cart, a convenient mode of transportation for visitors.

Stay Safe and Prepared: Essential Tips for Exploring Ijen Crater

  1. Physical Fitness:
    • The trek to Ijen Crater involves hiking on uneven and sometimes steep terrain. Ensure you are physically fit and capable of moderate exertion.
  2. Safety Gear:
    • Wear appropriate footwear with good traction, as the trail can be slippery. Bring a mask or scarf to protect against sulfuric gases near the crater.
  3. Weather Conditions:
    • Check the weather forecast before your visit. Conditions can change quickly, and rain may make the trail more challenging.
  4. Volcanic Activity:
    • Be aware of the current status of volcanic activity. While Ijen Crater is relatively safe, staying informed about potential risks is essential.
  5. Sulfur Mining Area:
    • Respect the local sulfur miners and their workspace. Keep a safe distance and avoid disrupting their activities.
  6. Altitude Considerations:
    • Ijen Crater is situated at a moderate altitude. Take breaks as needed during the hike to prevent altitude-related symptoms.
  7. Hydration and Snacks:
    • Bring plenty of water and snacks for the trek, especially if you plan to catch the sunrise or explore for an extended period of time.
  8. Environmental Awareness:
    • Practice responsible tourism. Avoid littering and respect the natural environment. Stay on designated trails to minimize impact.
  9. Sun Protection:
    • Wear sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat to protect against sun exposure, especially during daytime hikes.
  10. Local Customs and Etiquette:
    • Respect the local culture and customs. Ask for permission before taking photos of individuals, and be mindful of noise levels in your natural surroundings.
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What to Bring to Ijen Crater: Essential Items for Your Visit

  1. Hiking Gear: To navigate the rugged terrain around Ijen Crater, wear sturdy hiking boots or shoes with good traction. A hat and sunglasses are also recommended to protect against the sun.
  2. Warm Clothing: Even though Indonesia is known for its warm climate, temperatures can drop significantly at higher elevations, especially in the early morning and evening. Bring layers of warm clothing, including a jacket or sweater, to stay comfortable.
  3. Water and Snacks: Bring plenty of water to stay hydrated during your hike. Pack lightweight snacks like energy bars, nuts, and fruits to keep your energy levels up throughout the day.
  4. Camera and Binoculars: Use a camera or smartphone to capture the stunning scenery of Ijen Crater. Binoculars are also handy for spotting wildlife and taking in distant views.
  5. Flashlight or Headlamp: If you plan to visit Ijen Crater for sunrise or to witness the blue flame at night, bring a flashlight or headlamp to illuminate the trail.
  6. Personal First Aid Kit: For minor injuries or ailments, pack a small kit with essentials like bandages, pain relievers, and antiseptic wipes.
  7. Protective Gear: If you plan to descend into the crater or visit the sulfur mines, consider bringing a dust mask or respirator to protect against sulfur fumes and volcanic ash.
  8. Cash: While some facilities may accept card payments, it’s always a good idea to carry some money to purchase souvenir snacks or hire local guides or transportation services.
  9. Backpack or Daypack: Carry all your essentials in a comfortable backpack or daypack, leaving your hands free for hiking and exploring.
  10. Map or Guidebook: Bring a map or guidebook to familiarize yourself with the area around Ijen Crater. This can help you navigate the trails and identify points of interest.
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MAP of Ijen Crater