Historical Marvels Await: Explore the Majestic Trowulan Archaeological Site in East Java!

Trowulan Archaeological Site is a treasure trove of history in East Java tourist attractions. We invite you to journey back to the era of the Majapahit Kingdom Ruins. Nestled in East Java, Indonesia, this ancient site holds the remnants of a once-powerful empire that ruled the region. As you explore the Trowulan Archaeological Site, you will discover the fascinating ruins of temples, palaces, and other structures that once stood as a testament to the grandeur of the Majapahit Kingdom. These ancient remnants offer a glimpse into the past’s rich cultural heritage and architectural prowess.

Walking through the site will transport you to a bygone era when kings and queens ruled and civilizations flourished. The intricate carvings and inscriptions on the ruins tell stories of conquests, trade, and religious practices that shaped the region’s history. Moreover, the Trowulan Archaeological Site is an important archaeological research centre where scholars and historians study the artefacts and relics unearthed from the site. Their findings shed light on the mysteries of the past and contribute to our understanding of ancient civilizations.

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Trowulan Archaeological Site

Address Trowulan District, Mojokerto Regency, East Java.
Phone (0321) 495515
Managed by BPCB Mojokerto
Opening Hour Open Daily
Highlights
  • Majapahit Temples
  • Majapahit Palace Complex
  • Museum Trowulan
  • Segaran Pool
  • Ancient Gateways
  • Archaeological Excavations
  • Cultural Performances
  • Guided Tours

ABOUT TROWULAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

General Information

Trowulan is considered the former capital of the Majapahit Empire, which ruled over maritime Southeast Asia from the 13th to 16th centuries. The site spans over 100 square kilometres and contains various relics, including temples, palaces, and ceremonial pools. It is located near Mojokerto in East Java, approximately 50 kilometres southwest of Surabaya. The site is easily accessible by road, and guided tours are available for visitors interested in exploring its historical treasures.

Excavations at Trowulan have unearthed valuable artefacts and structures, providing insights into the Majapahit civilization’s culture, architecture, and lifestyle. Visitors can also explore the archaeological site, which includes the remnants of temples like Candi Bajang Ratu and Candi Tikus, and the site museum, which showcases artefacts from the area.

Highlights

  1. Majapahit Temples: Explore the majestic temples of the Majapahit Kingdom, including Candi Bajang Ratu and Candi Tikus. These ancient structures showcase the kingdom’s architectural prowess and religious significance with intricate carvings and elaborate designs.
  2. Majapahit Palace Complex: Discover the ruins of the Majapahit Palace Complex, once the seat of power for the rulers of the Majapahit Kingdom. Walk through the remains of royal residences, audience halls, and administrative buildings, and imagine life.
  3. Museum Trowulan: Learn more about the history and culture of the Majapahit Kingdom. The museum houses a collection of artefacts and relics excavated from the archaeological site, including pottery, sculptures, and ancient inscriptions.
  4. Segaran Pool: It is a large artificial reservoir believed to have been used for bathing rituals and royal ceremonies during the Majapahit era. Enjoy the peaceful ambience of the surroundings and admire the reflection of the ancient ruins in the water.
  5. Ancient Gateways: Marvel at the remnants of ancient gateways and fortifications that once protected the city of Trowulan. These massive stone structures, such as Gapura Wringin Lawang and Gapura Bajang Ratu, offer a glimpse into the city’s defensive architecture and strategic importance.
  6. Archaeological Excavations: Witness ongoing archaeological excavations at the Trowulan Archaeological Site, where researchers uncover discoveries and unravel the mysteries of the past. Visitors can observe archaeologists at work and learn about the techniques used to unearth ancient artefacts.
  7. Cultural Performances: Experience traditional Javanese music and dance performances at the Trowulan Archaeological Site. These vibrant performances showcase the region’s rich cultural heritage and bring the history and traditions of the Majapahit Kingdom to life.
  8. Guided Tours: Take advantage of guided tours offered at the Trowulan Archaeological Site. Knowledgeable local guides provide insights into the history and significance of the ancient ruins.

Discovering Majapahit: The Trowulan Archaeological Site

Majapahit Temples

Explore the majestic temples of the Majapahit Kingdom, including Candi Tikus, a unique bathing temple believed to have been used for sacred rituals and purification ceremonies. The well-preserved structure features intricate carvings and a series of bathing pools, offering a glimpse into the religious practices of the ancient civilization.

Bajang Ratu Entrance Gate

Admire the imposing Bajang Ratu Entrance Gate, one of the oldest and most well-preserved gateways to the ancient city of Trowulan. This grand stone structure, adorned with elaborate reliefs and decorative motifs, was the main entrance to the royal palace complex during the Majapahit era.

Wringin Lawang Entrance Gate

Marvel at the monumental Wringin Lawang Entrance Gate, another iconic landmark of the Trowulan Archaeological Site. This massive stone gateway, adorned with intricate carvings and towering pillars, once marked the entrance to the walled city of Majapahit, symbolizing the grandeur and power of the kingdom.

Brahu Temple

Discover the ancient Brahu Temple, a small yet significant structure dedicated to the Hindu god Brahma. This well-preserved temple features a single chamber with a towering spire adorned with decorative carvings and reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu mythology.

Tomb of Princess Campa

Pay homage to the Tomb of Princess Campa, an important archaeological site believed to be the final resting place of a member of the Majapahit royal family. The tomb, adorned with intricate carvings and decorative motifs, serves as a testament to the kingdom’s royal lineage and cultural heritage.

Segaran Pond

Stroll around the tranquil Segaran Pond, a large artificial reservoir believed to have been used for bathing rituals and royal ceremonies during the Majapahit era. The serene ambience of the pond, with lush greenery and ancient ruins, surrounds it. It offers a peaceful retreat from the hustle and bustle of modern life.

Menak Jingga Temple

Explore the enigmatic Menak Jingga Temple, an ancient Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva. This secluded temple, hidden amidst the dense forest foliage, features intricately carved stone pillars and a sacred sanctum where worshippers once offered prayers and rituals.

Watu Umpak Site

Visit the Watu Umpak Site, a cluster of ancient stone inscriptions and monuments scattered throughout the archaeological site. These mysterious relics, dating back to the Majapahit era, offer valuable insights into ancient civilization’s history, culture, and language.

Troloyo Tomb

Discover the Troloyo Tomb, a burial site believed to contain the remains of Majapahit nobles and royalty. The tomb, adorned with elaborate carvings and decorative motifs, serves as a poignant reminder of the kingdom’s rich cultural heritage and royal lineage.

Sentono Rejo Site

Explore the Sentono Rejo Site, an ancient settlement believed to have been inhabited by artisans, artisans, and traders during the Majapahit era. The site features remnants of residential dwellings, workshops, and a marketplace, offering insights into ancient civilization and its life and economic activities.

Gentong Temple

Marvel at the architectural splendour of the Gentong Temple, a hidden gem nestled amidst the lush greenery of the Trowulan Archaeological Site. This ancient shrine, dedicated to the deity Vishnu, features a towering spire and intricately carved stone reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu mythology.

Kumitir Site

Visit the Kumitir Site, an ancient settlement believed to have been a thriving agricultural centre during the Majapahit era. The site features remnants of terraced rice fields, irrigation channels, and farming tools, offering insights into the agricultural practices and technology of the ancient civilization.

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MAP of the Trowulan Archaeological Site