Komodo National Park, a Sanctuary Ancient Animals of Komodo Dragons with Magnificent Natures, Underwater and Unique Cultures
Komodo National Park is a national park as a world sanctuary of Komodo Dragons and other wild animals. Furthermore, it’s location in east part of Indonesia archipelagos between the provinces of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. The park covers the three larger islands such as Komodo, Padar and Rinca as well as 26 smaller islands. This park is very huge with 1,733 km square or 603 km square of land. The Komodo National Park was founded in 1980 to protect the world’s largest lizard of Komodo dragons. Moreover, the park is dedicating to protect other species, including marine species. The UNESCO has declared this park as a World Heritage Site in 1991. In addition, Komodo National Park has been appointed as one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature. Therefore, we invite you to join our Komodo Dragon Tours to explore this park and see the dragons directly.
Discovery Komodo National Park
Geography and Climate
The Park is covering the three larger islands such as Komodo, Padar and Rinca and 26 smaller islands. The Sape Straights with clear and blue seawater surround it. Furthermore, the islands of the park are majority of volcanic origin. In addition, the terrain of lands are generally rough with stone hills surround it as well as altitudes up to 735 m. Meanwhile, the climate is one of the driest of Indonesia with annual rainfall between 800 mm and 1000 mm. Its mean, the daily temperatures in the dry season from May to October are around 40 °C.
Flora and Fauna
The majority of lands are savanna with hot and dry climate throughout the park and makes it to a good habitat for the endemic Komodo dragon. The Komodo Dragons populations are restricted to the islands of Komodo with 1700 hectare, Rinca Island with 1300 hectare, Gili Motang with 100 hectare, Gili Dasami with 100 hectares, and Flores (c. 2,000). Meanwhile, the cloud forests appear only in few areas above 500 meters. However, they provide habitat to several endemic flora. In addition, the coastal vegetation includes mangrove forest and generally appears in the sheltered bays of the three larger islands.
Marine Life of Komodo National Park
The fringe and patch coral reefs are extensive with best development on the north-east coast of Komodo. Komodo National Park is rich in marine life such as whale sharks, ocean sunfish, rays, eagle rays, manta, pygmy seahorse, false pipe-fish, clown frog-fish, blue-ringed octopus, sponges, Tunicates, and coral. Meanwhile, the varieties of cetaceans inhabit in adjacent waters from smaller sized dolphins to sperm whales and even blue whales. The Omura’s whale is one of the least known of rorquals have been confirmed to range waters within the park. Endangered dugongs are still living in Komodo areas as well.
Reptiles at Komodo National Park
The most famous of reptiles living in Komodo National Park is the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis). Furthermore, it is the world’s largest lizard and the world’s largest reptiles and can reach 3 meters long or more in length and weigh over 70 kg. There are twelve terrestrial snake species on the island including marine species. The snacks are living in this park such as Javan spitting cobra, Russell’s viper, white-lipped pit viper, blue lipped sea krait, and Timor python. Meanwhile, the lizards such as nine skink species (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), limbless lizards (Dibamidae), and the monitor lizards such as the Komodo dragon (Varanidae). The frogs like Asian bullfrog as well as the endemic Komodo cross frog. Frogs are typically in the higher land as well as moister altitudes. In addition, the saltwater crocodile was once present within the park in coastal areas including mangrove swamps.
Wild Mammals – Komodo National Park
The savannas are ideally habitats for mammals such as the Timor Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis), the main prey of the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), horses, water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), wild boar (Sus scrofa vittatus), crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus lehmanni), the endemic Rinca rat (Rattus rintjanus), as well as fruit bats. Meanwhile, the domestic are existing within the park such as goats, cats and dogs which are feral.
One of the main bird species living in this park is the orange-foot scrubbing fowl, a ground dwelling bird. The park observe 27 bird species in the savanna. The zebra dove and spotted dove are the most common species. It also observe 28 bird species such as helmeted friar bird, green imperial pigeon as well as lemon-bellied white-eye in mixed tropical deciduous habitat. Other birds are also living such as green jungle fowl, great-billed parrot and the critically endangered lesser sulpher crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea). Meanwhile, 2 eagle species are in the park such as the white-bellied sea eagle and the extremely rare Flores hawk-eagle.
Komodo Island Tours Packages
2 Nights and 3 Days Packages of Komodo Tours
- Komodo Island Tour stay on boat
- Komodo Island Tour stay on boat and hotel
- Stay at Hotel for 2 Nights / 3 Days Package
- Package 3 Nights and 4 Days stay on boat